Continuing benefits of the Montreal Protocol and protection of the stratospheric ozone layer for human health and the environment

Madronich, S., Bernhard, G.H., Neale, P.J., Heikkilä, A., Andersen, M.P. Sulbæk, Andrady, A.L., Aucamp, P.J., Bais, A.F., Banaszak, A.T., Barnes, P.J., Bornman, J.F., Bruckman, L.S., Busquets, R., Chiodo, G., Häder, D-P., Hanson, M.L., Hylander, S., Jansen, M.A.K., Lingham, G., Lucas, R.M., Calderon, R. Mackenzie, Olsen, C., Ossola, R., Pandey, K.K., Petropavlovskikh, I., Revell, L.E., Rhodes, L.E., Robinson, S.A., Robson, Matthew ORCID logo ORCID: , Rose, K.C., Schikowski, T., Solomon, K.R., Sulzberger, B., Wallington, T.J., Wang, Q-W., Wängberg, S-Å., White, C.C., Wilson, S.R., Zhu, L. and Neale, R.E. (2024) Continuing benefits of the Montreal Protocol and protection of the stratospheric ozone layer for human health and the environment. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 23 (6). pp. 1087-1115.

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The protection of Earth's stratospheric ozone (O ) is an ongoing process under the auspices of the universally ratified Montreal Protocol and its Amendments and adjustments. A critical part of this process is the assessment of the environmental issues related to changes in O . The United Nations Environment Programme's Environmental Effects Assessment Panel provides annual scientific evaluations of some of the key issues arising in the recent collective knowledge base. This current update includes a comprehensive assessment of the incidence rates of skin cancer, cataract and other skin and eye diseases observed worldwide; the effects of UV radiation on tropospheric oxidants, and air and water quality; trends in breakdown products of fluorinated chemicals and recent information of their toxicity; and recent technological innovations of building materials for greater resistance to UV radiation. These issues span a wide range of topics, including both harmful and beneficial effects of exposure to UV radiation, and complex interactions with climate change. While the Montreal Protocol has succeeded in preventing large reductions in stratospheric O , future changes may occur due to a number of natural and anthropogenic factors. Thus, frequent assessments of potential environmental impacts are essential to ensure that policies remain based on the best available scientific knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1474-9092
Departments: Institute of Science and Environment > Forestry and Conservation
Additional Information: T. Matthew Robson, UK National School of Forestry, University of Cumbria, UK. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
Depositing User: Insight Administrator
SWORD Depositor: Insight Administrator
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2024 15:02
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2024 15:30


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