Invasive genetic rescue: dispersal following repeated culling reinforces the genetic diversity of an invasive mammal

Synnott, Rebecca, Shuttleworth, Craig, Everest, David J., Holt, Claire ORCID logo ORCID: , O’Reilly, Catherine, McDevitt, Allan D. and O’Meara, Denise B. (2023) Invasive genetic rescue: dispersal following repeated culling reinforces the genetic diversity of an invasive mammal. Biological Invasions, 25 . pp. 3323-3339. Item availability may be restricted.

[thumbnail of Holt_InvasiveGeneticRescue_AAM.pdf] PDF - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 30 June 2024.
Available under License CC BY-NC

Download (1MB) | Contact the author
[thumbnail of Holt_InvasiveGeneticRescue_Preprint.pdf]
PDF - Submitted Version
Available under License CC BY-NC

Download (664kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Since its introduction from the United States in 1876, the invasive North American Eastern grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) has contributed to the decline of the native Eurasian red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) in Britain. The aim of this study was to assess the overall impact of repeated control efforts carried out between 2011 and 2020 on the genetic diversity of the grey squirrel population in north Wales. This information can be used to inform future adaptive management plans, increasing the success of invasive species control efforts and enhancing red squirrel conservation efforts. Using a combination of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and microsatellite DNA analysis, we found high genetic diversity in both marker types, with six diverse mtDNA haplotypes found and relatively high levels of nuclear genetic diversity, even after repeated culling efforts. We also found that repeated introductions from multiple locations in North America have generated a genetically diverse population in Britain today, compounding the management of this invasive species. Our results suggest that ongoing grey squirrel control efforts may not adequately reduce genetic diversity to a level where it contributes to a long-term population decline, and highlights the need to gather all available information, including historical and contemporary, to effectively create a plan for control efforts of invasive species.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Biological Invasions
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1573-1464
Departments: Institute of Science and Environment > Forestry and Conservation
Depositing User: Anna Lupton
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2023 15:39
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2024 11:39
Edit Item