Call type repertoire of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Iceland and its variation across regions

Selbmann, Anna ORCID logo ORCID: , Deecke, Volker B. ORCID logo ORCID: , Filatova, Olga A. ORCID logo ORCID: , Fedutin, Ivan D. ORCID logo ORCID: , Miller, Patrick J.O. ORCID logo ORCID: , Simon, Malene, Bowles, Ann E. ORCID logo ORCID: , Lyrholm, Thomas, Lacey, Claire ORCID logo ORCID: , Magnúsdóttir, Edda E. ORCID logo ORCID: , Maunder, William, Wensveen, Paul J. ORCID logo ORCID: , Svavarsson, Jörundur ORCID logo ORCID: and Samarra, Filipa I.P. ORCID logo ORCID: (2023) Call type repertoire of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Iceland and its variation across regions. Marine Mammal Science, 39 (4). pp. 1136-1160.

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Killer whales (Orcinus orca) have group-specific call repertoires that can be used to track groups and populations using passive acoustic monitoring. To provide a detailed description of the Icelandic killer whale repertoire and its variation, we analyzed acoustic data collected in five locations between 1985–2016. Calls were classified manually and CART and random forest analyses were employed to validate the manual classification. A total of 91 call categories (including call types and subtypes) were defined. Most call categories were recorded in more than one location, with the highest proportion shared between herring grounds in Vestmannaeyjar (South) and Breiðafjörður (West). However, both locations included call categories that were not recorded elsewhere in Iceland. Recordings from past herring wintering grounds in eastern Iceland included few call categories that matched other locations. Sample sizes from Reykjanes (Southwest) and Skjálfandi (North) were small and did not include unique call categories. The relative occurrence of call categories in Vestmannaeyjar changed little over a 14-year period (2002–2016), although shorter-term changes between years were observed that appeared to correlate to changes in individuals identified. This comparison of acoustic repertoires provides valuable information on the social structure and movement patterns of herring-eating killer whales around Iceland.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Marine Mammal Science
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1748-7692
Departments: Institute of Science and Environment > Forestry and Conservation
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Depositing User: Anna Lupton
Date Deposited: 09 May 2023 09:05
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2024 15:31


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