Maladaptive therapist schemas in CBT practice, training and supervision: a scoping review

Roscoe, Jason ORCID logo ORCID: and Taylor, Julie ORCID logo ORCID: (2022) Maladaptive therapist schemas in CBT practice, training and supervision: a scoping review. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 30 (3). pp. 510-527.

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Background: Maladaptive therapist schemas are hypothesised to generate difficulties within cognitive behavioural therapy practice, training and supervision. Without adequate identification and management, they negatively affect the cognitions and emotions of the therapist, leading them to behave in ways that risk ruptures or therapy and supervision being delivered in a sub-optimal fashion. Consequently, there is a need to synthesise the research that has been undertaken to date on the content, prevalence, identification, and management of maladaptive therapist schemas.

Method: A scoping review was undertaken of studies that have been published since 2001 on the impact of maladaptive therapist schemas (also referred to interchangeably as beliefs or cognitions) in Cognitive behavioural therapy practice, training and supervision. Thirteen studies were identified in a literature search from four electronic databases, a reference list search of identified articles and hand searches.

Results: Three overall themes were identified in the research, (1) prevalence of therapist schemas (2) specific therapist beliefs and (3) therapist characteristics associated with the delivery of sub-optimal CBT or supervision. Whilst there is little empirical support for therapist schemas, therapist resistance and beliefs relating to the fear of using exposure therapy were identified. Therapist intolerance of uncertainty and self-esteem were recurrent factors.

Conclusion: There is no consensus on how to define, identify, formulate or respond to maladaptive therapist beliefs or schemas in clinical practice, training or supervision. Further research is needed to better understand their origins, maintaining factors and appropriate management of their impact.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1099-0879
Departments: Institute of Health > Psychology and Psychological Therapies
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Depositing User: Insight Administrator
SWORD Depositor: Insight Administrator
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2022 10:16
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2024 14:15


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