The legacy of maps: breaking the link between maps and navigation in order to experience place

Loynes, Christopher ORCID logo ORCID: (2020) The legacy of maps: breaking the link between maps and navigation in order to experience place. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, 23 . pp. 137-151.

[thumbnail of Final Legacy of Maps full clean 30.1.20.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Version
Available under License CC BY-NC

Download (229kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Embedded in all outdoor activities, are a set of values that reflect the cultural conditions of the time in which the activity was first developed for educational purposes. Using Bernstein’s curriculum constructs, this paper examines what, in relation to navigation, these values are, from where they arose and whether and in what way these values are present today. The alternative of navigation without maps and compasses is then considered. It is argued that any values embedded in outdoor activities can be altered in order to fully develop their potential for a place-responsive education. That the values embedded in the traditional approach to navigation were not intended for a place-responsive education is highlighted. A study using a participative approach was designed and repeated with four cohorts (n = 86). A participant led thematic analysis compared experiences with and without maps and compasses. Participants with maps and compasses objectified the landscape and treated the activity as a task reproducing the norms of the activity. Those without described a different relationship with the landscape and tended to construct their own experiences. The author suggests two benefits of these findings for a place-responsive education. Approaches that remove the mediating tools that distance people from place, and the values attached to them through ritualised practices, create richer starting points for an education that seeks to promote relational and sustainable values.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2206-3110
Departments: Academic Departments > Science, Natural Resources & Outdoor Studies (SNROS) > Outdoor Studies
Depositing User: Christopher Loynes
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2020 13:56
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2024 16:32


Downloads per month over past year

Downloads each year

Edit Item