Relaxing music for anxiety control: can appropriately selected music be used to control competitive state anxiety?

Elliott, David ORCID logo ORCID: (2012) Relaxing music for anxiety control: can appropriately selected music be used to control competitive state anxiety? Doctoral thesis, University of Cumbria / Lancaster University.

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This thesis set out to determine the characteristics of relaxing music for anxiety control. Instructed to imagine themselves in an anxiety-producing situation, eighty-four undergraduate sport students were asked to (1) rate thirty music compositions for levels of relaxation; (2) identify factors that either enhanced or detracted from relaxation; (3) state the emotions induced by each composition and (4) provide an importance rating for thirteen music components. Additional information was obtained using a focus group of music. experts. It was found that particular music characteristics were conducive to relaxation (e.g. slow tempo, secure melody). The most frequent emotional labels ascribed to relaxing music for anxiety control were 'peaceful', 'serenity' and 'sadness' . Tempo, melody, beat and harmony were the components considered to be most conducive to relaxation. Gender and level of music knowledge had minimal impact upon the outcomes. The effects of relaxing music for anxiety control on competitive state anxiety were also examined. Seventy-two undergraduate sport students were required to compete in a sports competition. Participants were assigned to one of three conditions (relaxing music for anxiety control, non-relaxing music and no-music). During a precompetition intervention period, anxiety measures (CSAI-2R, subjective relaxation and HR) were taken (baseline, pre-intervention, post-intervention). All three interventions led to significant reductions in somatic anxiety, cognitive anxiety and HR. Both music conditions provoked significant increases in subjective relaxation. ES, mean-difference and 90% data did offer some support for relaxing music for the applications of anxiety control. This thesis also examined some of the mechanisms responsible for music's anxiety reducing effects.

Item Type: Thesis/Dissertation (Doctoral)
Departments: Academic Departments > Medical & Sport Sciences (MSS) > Sports and Physical Activity
Additional Information: This thesis is submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) University of Cumbria and Lancaster University, UK. Submitted: 03/2011. Resubmitted: 07/2012.
Depositing User: Anna Lupton
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2019 15:49
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2024 11:00


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