Functional behaviour of flocs explained by observed 3D structure and porosity

Lawrence, Tom, Carr, Simon ORCID logo ORCID: , Manning, Andrew, Wheatland, Jonathan, Bushby, Andy and Spencer, Kate (2023) Functional behaviour of flocs explained by observed 3D structure and porosity. Frontiers in Earth Science, 11 . p. 1264953.

[thumbnail of Carr_FunctionalBehaviourOf.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License CC BY

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL:


Clay-rich flocculated suspended sediments are an important constituent of estuarine and coastal systems globally. They are responsible for the host, movement and deposition of a variety of pollutants, contaminants and sediment itself. Accurate modelling of the movement of these sediments is crucial for a number of industries including fisheries, aquaculture, shipping and waste management. This requires an accurate and reliable measurements of the physical properties of flocs and their behaviour. Porosity is a key element in floc structures, and this research provides updated 3D quantified porosity and pore space morphological data in relation to influences on floc settling behaviour. We report the questionable relationship between floc size and settling velocity, and explore alternative influences such as floc composition, porosity and pore morphology. These outcomes suggest that a shift in focus from floc size to a combination of factors is necessitated to understand the complex movement behaviour of flocculated suspended sediments.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Frontiers in Earth Science
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 2296-6463
Departments: Institute of Science and Environment > Forestry and Conservation
Centre for National Parks and Protected Areas (CNPPA)
Additional Information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Depositing User: Anna Lupton
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 09:54
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2024 15:32


Downloads per month over past year

Downloads each year

Edit Item