Designing a programme to train social workers on how to promote physical activity for disabled people: a Delphi study in the UK

Monforte, Javier, Smith, Matthew and Smith, Brett (2022) Designing a programme to train social workers on how to promote physical activity for disabled people: a Delphi study in the UK. Health and Social Care in the Community, 30 (5). e2805-e2817.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13724

Abstract

Recently, social workers have been identified as a key messenger group for promoting physical activity (PA) to disabled people. Also identified is the need to train social workers in PA promotion. In response, the purpose of this article is to inform the design of a training programme prototype aiming to support social workers to become active PA messengers. We conducted a three-round Delphi study to identify the essential contents and teaching methods for the programme, as well as the challenges that may jeopardise its success. Qualified experts on physical activity and health, social work, and/or disability working in the UK were invited to partake in the study. The response rates were 55% (33/60) in the first round, 79% (26/33) in the second and 77% (20/26) in the third rounds. Following the last questionnaire round, the experts reached consensus on 8 contents, 7 teaching methods and 10 challenges to success. The top three most important contents were: benefits of PA (1.05 ± 0.22), what PA means to disabled people (1.15 ± 0.36) and person-centred PA planning (1.35 ± 0.57). The most relevant teaching methods were interactive activities and discussions (1.20 ± 0.51) and case studies (1.25 ± 0.43). Blended learning (1.85 ± 0.57) was preferred to e-learning (2.20 ± 0.60) and face-to-face learning (2.10 ± 0.70). Lack of time (1.30 ± 0.46) and confidence (1.45 ± 0.59) were deemed vital challenges. However, consensus around other potential barriers such as lack of interest and commitment (1.30 ± 0.46), lack of buy in from employers (1.75 ± 0.70) and professional inertia (2.05 ± 0.67) suggest that a major challenge for long-term impact is to convince key people that social work and PA promotion make a good match. The results of this study provide a valuable starting point evidence base for PA curriculum development. Future research will delve into expert opinions using in-depth qualitative interviews. Participatory approaches including knowledge cafés will also be used to add more views of stakeholders with experiential knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Health and Social Care in the Community
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1365-2524
Departments: Institute of Health > Social Work, Children and Families
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Depositing User: Insight Administrator
SWORD Depositor: Insight Administrator
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2022 16:31
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2022 10:15
URI: https://insight.cumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/6353

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