Injury patterns and associated demographics of intimate partner violence in men presenting to U.S. emergency departments

Khurana, Bharti, Hines, Denise, Johnson, Benjamin, Bates, Elizabeth ORCID logo ORCID: , Graham-Kevan, Nicola and Loder, Randall (2021) Injury patterns and associated demographics of intimate partner violence in men presenting to U.S. emergency departments. Aggressive Behavior, 48 (3). pp. 298-308.

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Research suggests that there are differences between sexes in physical intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization that could lead to different injury patterns. Additionally, research shows that men under-report their injuries yet may suffer grave consequences. It is thus vital to establish physical injury patterns in male IPV victims. A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was performed using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System All Injury Program data from 2005 through 2015 for all IPV-related injuries in both male and female patients. Sex differences by demographics, mechanism, anatomic location, and diagnoses of IPV injuries were analyzed using statistical methods accounting for the weighted,, stratified nature of the data. IPV accounted for 0.61% of all ED visits; 17.2% were in males and 82.8% in females. Male patients were older (36.1% vs. 16.8% over 60 years), more likely to be Black (40.5% vs. 28.8%), sustained more injuries due to cutting (28.1% vs. 3.5%), more lacerations (46.9% vs. 13.0%), more injuries to the upper extremity (25.8% vs. 14.1%), and fewer contusions/abrasions (30.1% vs. 49.0%), compared to female IPV patients (p<.0001). There were also more hospitalizations in men (7.9% vs. 3.7% p = .0002). Knowledge of specific IPV-related injury characteristics in men will enable health care providers to counteract underreporting of IPV.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Aggressive Behavior
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1098-2337
Departments: Institute of Health > Psychology and Psychological Therapies
Depositing User: Elizabeth Bates
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2022 11:24
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2024 13:00


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