Effectiveness of hearing rehabilitation for care home residents with dementia: a systematic review

Cross, Hannah, Dawes, Piers, Hooper, Emma, Armitage, Christopher J., Leroi, Iracema and Millman, Rebecca E. (2022) Effectiveness of hearing rehabilitation for care home residents with dementia: a systematic review. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 23 (3). pp. 450-460. Item availability may be restricted.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2021.11.011

Abstract

To report the effectiveness of, and barriers and facilitators to, hearing rehabilitation for care home residents with dementia. Systematic review. Care home residents with dementia and hearing loss. No restrictions on publication date or language were set and gray literature was considered. Eligible studies were critically appraised and presented via a narrative review. Sixteen studies, most of low to moderate quality, were identified. Hearing rehabilitation, including hearing devices, communication techniques, and visual aids (eg, flashcards), was reported to improve residents' communication and quality of life and reduce agitation, with improvements in staff knowledge of hearing loss and job satisfaction. Residents' symptoms of dementia presented barriers, for example, losing or not tolerating hearing aids. Low staff prioritization of hearing loss due to time pressures and lack of hearing-related training for staff were further barriers, particularly for residents who required assistance with hearing devices. Adopting a person-centered approach based on residents' capabilities and preferences and involving family members facilitated hearing device use. Residents with dementia can benefit from hearing rehabilitation. Identifying and implementing efficient, individualized hearing rehabilitation is necessary for those with complex cognitive needs. Increased funding and support for the social care sector is required to address systemic issues that pose barriers to hearing rehabilitation, including time pressures, lack of training for staff and access to audiology services for residents.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1525-8610
Departments: Institute of Health > Rehabilitation and Sport Science
Additional Information: This work was supported by the Alzheimer's Society, UK (grant 403, AS-PhD-17b-006, to H.C.); the Constance Owens Charitable Trust (to E.H.); the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Manchester Biomedical Centre (BRC-1215-20007, to R.M., C.J.A., and P.D.); the NIHR Greater Manchester Patient Safety Translational Research Centre (to C.J.A.); I European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant 668648 to I.L.); and The Global Brain Health Institute (to I.L.).
Depositing User: Insight Administrator
SWORD Depositor: Insight Administrator
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2022 15:38
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 14:45
URI: https://insight.cumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/6332

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