Dietary changes and food preferences experienced by older adult cancer patients and their impact on health outcomes

Coa, Kisha, B. Epstein, Joel, McManus, Kathy and Moskowitz, Bruce (2018) Dietary changes and food preferences experienced by older adult cancer patients and their impact on health outcomes. Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science Journal, 6 (2). pp. 263-272.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License CC BY-NC-ND

Download (299kB) | Preview

Abstract

To describe how cancer treatment influences the dietary behaviors and food preferences of older adult cancer patients and explore associations between these dietary changes and common cancer symptoms. A convenience sample of 800 cancer patients age 55 years and older undergoing cancer treatment completed a self-administered questionnaire which assessed patients’ dietary changes, food preferences and aversions since starting treatment, and health outcomes. Descriptive statistics were conducted to examine associations between dietary changes and age groups (categorized as 55-64 years old, 65-74 years old, and 75 years old and older), and multivariable logistic regression was used to assess associations between dietary changes and health outcomes The majority of participants experienced at least one cancer symptom, with fatigue and poor appetite being most commonly reported. About half of respondents reported no change in appetite or thirst, but those who did report a change were more likely to report a decrease in appetite rather than an increase, and more likely to report an increase in thirst rather than a decrease. Most of the patterns were consistent across age groups but the oldest age group (75+) was less likely to report eating less frequently, and less likely to report certain increased taste and smell sensitivities. Characterizing the nutritional needs of older adult cancer patients is the first step in being able to address these needs. Future research is needed to evaluate potential strategies to address nutritional concerns, and to better understand the unique needs of specific subgroups of older adult cancer patients at high risk of experiencing dietary changes (e.g., those with head and neck cancer).

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science Journal
Publisher: Enviro Research Publishers
ISSN: 2322-0007
Departments: Nursing, Health & Professional Practice (NHPP)
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article starting on 25-08-2018: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: pissn 2347-467X; eissn 2322-0007 **History: published 28-08-2018; issued 25-08-2018; published_online 25-08-2018 Can use publishers version (from Sherpa) CS 10/12/19
Depositing User: Insight Administrator
SWORD Depositor: Insight Administrator
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 13:53
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 16:48
URI: http://insight.cumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/5288

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year



Downloads each year

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item