The effects of acute branched-chain amino acid supplementation on recovery from a single bout of hypertrophy exercise in resistance-trained athletes

Waldron, Mark, Whelan, Kieran, Jeffries, Owen, Burt, Dean, Howe, Louis and Patterson, Stephen (2017) The effects of acute branched-chain amino acid supplementation on recovery from a single bout of hypertrophy exercise in resistance-trained athletes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 42 (6). pp. 630-636.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2016-0569

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of acute branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation on recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage, among experienced resistance-trained athletes. In a double-blind matched-pairs design, 16 resistance-trained participants, routinely performing hypertrophy training, were randomly assigned to a BCAA (n = 8) or placebo (n = 8) group. The BCAAs were administered at a dosage of 0.087 g/kg body mass, with a 2:1:1 ratio of leucine, isoleucine and valine. The participants performed 6 sets of 10 full-squats at 70 % 1RM to induce muscle damage. All participants were diet-controlled across the study. Creatine kinase (CK), peak isometric knee-extensor force, perceived muscle soreness and counter-movement jump (CMJ) height were measured immediately before (baseline), 1-h, 24-h and 48-h post-exercise. There were large to very large time effects for all measurements between baseline and 24-48 h. Between-group comparisons, expressed as a percentage of baseline, revealed differences in isometric strength at 24-h (Placebo ~87% c.f. BCAA ~92 %; moderate, likely), CMJ at 24-h (Placebo ~93 % c.f. BCAA ~96 %; small, likely) and muscle soreness at both 24-h (Placebo ~685 % c.f. BCAA ~531 %; small, likely) and 48-h (Placebo ~468 % c.f. BCAA ~350 %; small, likely). Acute supplementation of BCAAs (0.087 g/kg) increased the rate of recovery in isometric strength, CMJ height and perceived muscle soreness compared to placebo after a hypertrophy-based training session among diet-controlled, resistance-trained athletes. These findings question the need for longer BCAA loading phases and highlight the importance of dietary control in studies of this type.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
Publisher: NRC Research Press (Canadian Science Publishing)
ISSN: 1715-5320
Departments: Sports and Physical Activity
Depositing User: Louis Howe
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 11:16
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2019 15:37
URI: http://insight.cumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/5049

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