The effect of exercise on glucoregulatory hormones: a countermeasure to human aging: insights from a comprehensive review of the literature

Sellami, Maha, Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi, Slimani, Maamer, Hayes, Lawrence, Jabbour, Georges, De Giorgio, Andrea and Dugue, Benoit (2019) The effect of exercise on glucoregulatory hormones: a countermeasure to human aging: insights from a comprehensive review of the literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (10). e1709.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101709

Abstract

Hormones are secreted in a circadian rhythm, but also follow larger-scale timetables, such as monthly (hormones of the menstrual cycle), seasonal (i.e. winter, summer), and, ultimately, lifespan-related patterns. Several contexts modulate their secretion, such as genetics, lifestyle, environment, diet, and exercise. They play significant roles in human physiology, influencing growth of muscle, bone, and regulating metabolism. Exercise training alters hormone secretion, depending on the frequency, duration, intensity, and mode of training which has an impact on the magnitude of the secretion. However, there remains ambiguity over the effects of exercise training on certain hormones such as glucoregulatory hormones in aging adults. With advancing age, there are many alterations with the endocrine system, which may ultimately alter human physiology. Some recent studies have reported an anti-aging effect of exercise training on the endocrine system and especially testosterone, cortisol, growth hormone and insulin. As such, this review examines the effects of endurance, interval, resistance and combined training on hormones (i.e., at rest and after) exercise in older individuals. We summarize the influence of age on relevant hormones, the influence of exercise training, and where possible, examine masters’ athletes' endocrinological profile.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1660-4601
Departments: Sports and Physical Activity
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Depositing User: Lawrence Hayes
Date Deposited: 14 May 2019 14:45
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019 20:46
URI: http://insight.cumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/4768

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