Membership stability and performance - a study of baseball clubs and laboratory groups

Hoelterhoff, Mark and Chang, Kirk (2010) Membership stability and performance - a study of baseball clubs and laboratory groups. In: Abstracts of the 27th International Congress of Applied Psychology, 11-16th July 2010, Melbourne, Australia. Full text not available from this repository.

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This paper aims to analyse the effect that membership stability and group boundary have upon group performance. Using Chinese Professional Baseball League (CPBL) data (Seasons 2003-2007), Study One reveals that the membership stability of baseball clubs was correlated with their annual rank and winprobability, and that stable teams outperformed unstable teams. Membership stability also predicted win-probability in four of five seasons.
Using undergraduate students, Study Two reveals that members from unstable groups (i.e. groups with higher membership-turnover) had higher intention of leaving their groups and more departures. Members from stable groups had better group performance, group cohesion, and group dynamics, which all resulted in members displaying more trust in their colleagues and an increased willingness to cooperate with them. Implications of the findings are that stable membership is a crucial factor in the promotion of group dynamics and overall performance, and that the nature of a group's boundary affects its membership turnover. Policies should also be devised to manage membership stability, as maintaining an appropriate turnover rate is essential to both individuals and groups, such as employees and their organizations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Journal / Publication Title: n/a
ISSN: 1469-283X
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Departments: Academic Departments > Business, Law, Policing & Social Sciences (BLPSS) > Policing, Criminology & Social Sciences
Depositing User: Insight Administrator
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2011 19:58
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2024 09:30
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