Physical fitness characteristics of Omani primary school children according to body mass index

Delextrat, Anne, Hayes, Lawrence, Al Ghannami, Samia S., Ming, Yoeju, Hussein, Izzeldin, Al Oufi, Hamed, Cohen, Daniel D. and Ghebremeskel, Kebreab (2019) Physical fitness characteristics of Omani primary school children according to body mass index. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59 (3). pp. 440-448.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08136-7

Abstract

Background: There is evidence that children with high cardiorespiratory fitness and normal body mass index (BMI) have less risk of non communicable diseases (NCDs), however limited research was undertaken in Omani children. Therefore the aims of the present study were to describe body composition and physical fitness of a large cohort of Omani school children of both genders, and to investigate the effects of weight status on physical fitness.

Methods: Three hundred and fourteen Omani school children aged 9 to 10 years old took part in anthropometric assessments, body composition and fitness tests, including handgrip strength, the basketball chest pass, broad jump, 20-m sprint, four 10-m shuttle agility, 30-s sit-up, and multistage fitness test (MSFT).

Results: Obese boys and girls performed worse than normal-weight children in sprint, agility and endurance. In addition, fitness measures in the overweight group and underweight groups were not significantly different from other groups, except a better handgrip strength and poorer MSFT in overweight compared to normal weight girls, and poorer agility performance in underweight girls compared to the three other groups.

Conclusions: Most fitness measures are lower in obese Omani children, which suggests that they will be more at risk of developing NCDs later in life.

Item Type: Article
Journal / Publication Title: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Publisher: Edizioni Minerva Medica
ISSN: 1827-1928
Departments: Sports and Physical Activity
Depositing User: Lawrence Hayes
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2018 09:17
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2019 02:14
URI: http://insight.cumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/3747

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