Six weeks of core stability training improves landing kinetics among female capoeira athletes: a pilot study

Araujo, Simone, Cohen, Daniel and Hayes, Lawrence D. (2015) Six weeks of core stability training improves landing kinetics among female capoeira athletes: a pilot study. Journal of Human Kinetics, 45 (1). pp. 27-37.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0004

Abstract

Core stability training (CST) has increased in popularity among athletes and the general fitness population despite limited evidence CST programmes alone lead to improved athletic performance. In female athletes, neuromuscular training combining balance training and trunk and hip/pelvis dominant CST is suggested to reduce injury risk, and specifically peak vertical ground reaction forces (vGRF) in a drop jump landing task. However, the isolated effect of trunk dominant core stability training on vGRF during landing in female athletes had not been evaluated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate landing kinetics during a drop jump test following a CST intervention in female capoeira athletes. After giving their informed written consent, sixteen female capoeira athletes (mean ± SD age, stature, and body mass of 27.3 ± 3.7 years, 165.0 ± 4.0 cm, and 59.7 ± 6.3 kg, respectively) volunteered to participate in the training program which consisted of static and dynamic CST sessions, three times per week for six weeks. The repeated measures T-test revealed participants significantly reduced relative vGRF from pre- to post-intervention for the first (3.40 ± 0.78 vs. 2.85 ± 0.52 N·NBW-1, respectively [p<0.05, effect size = 0.60]), and second landing phase (5.09 ± 1.17 vs. 3.02 ± 0.41 N·NBW-1, respectively [p<0.001, effect size = 0.87]). The average loading rate was reduced from pre- to post-intervention during the second landing phase (30.96 ± 18.84 vs. 12.06 ± 9.83 N·NBW·s-1, respectively [p<0.01, effect size = 0.68]). The peak loading rate was reduced from pre- to post-intervention during the first (220.26 ± 111.51 vs. 120.27 ± 64.57 N·NBW·s-1 respectively [p<0.01, effect size = 0.64]), and second (99.52 ± 54.98 vs. 44.71 ± 30.34 N·NBW·s-1 respectively [p<0.01, effect size = 0.70]) landing phase. Body weight, average loading rate during the first landing phase, and jump height were not significantly different between week 0 and week 6 (p=0.528, p=0.261, and p=0.877, respectively). This study provides evidence that trunk dominant core stability training improves landing kinetics without improving jump height, and may reduce lower extremity injury risk in female athletes.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Human Kinetics
Publisher: De Gruyter Open / Academy of Physical Education in Katowice
ISSN: 1899-7562
Departments: Faculty of Health and Science > Medical and Sports Sciences > Sports and Physical Activity > Sport
Depositing User: Lawrence D. Hayes
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2016 16:45
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2017 23:17
URI: http://insight.cumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/2061

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